An assault on my nostrils.

IMAG1529As I mentioned in my last post, I bought some offal to dehydrate. For those of you who do not know what offal is, it is organs. My friend Ali always refers to it as “awful offal”. And after my attempt to dry liver, I will also probably be referring to it this way in the future. I decided to try drying the offal products not only because its fun to try new things but because trying to get Rosalie to eat liver is like trying to get a  five-year-old to eat brussel sprouts. I have try so many different things to get her to it. Mixing it with vegetables, other meats, drenching it in fish oil, making various purees, etc. However, as you read in my previous post I finally succeeded in this quest before I started drying. The answer was so simple too. Just try a different kind of liver in this case it was chicken. I had previously only tried beef.

This did not deter me from dehydrating though. Although, after the stench of the liver wafting through my house for several days makes me wish it had.

I began by rinsing all the offal. The chicken hearts, gizzards and livers I just plopped right on to the dryer racks after their rinse. The beef liver I sliced into long strips before setting on the racks. I turned on my dehydrator and left for work. I do not know what temperature it was set at because my dryer does not have the option to set different temperatures. When I returned about 7 hours later, my nostrils were assaulted as soon as I opened my front door. I do not suggest drying liver inside your home! If you can, do it outside somewhere, like in your garage, DO IT! Unfortunately I do not have this option so I am now cursed with a house that smells really, really bad. Hopefully the smell will dissipate soon. Otherwise I may have to move. 😉

IMAG1482The other problem I had when drying the liver was that it stuck to my racks and was very difficult to get off. I am still soaking and scrubbing the trays from the first batch. For the second batch of beef liver (hey, my house already reaks might as well get it all done now), I sprayed the rack with Canola Oil cooking spray. This made a world of difference. It was SO much easier to get off the racks.

IMAG1477I will probably never dry liver again. The dogs loved the smell though. You know how your house smells when you have some delicious dish cooking all day in your slow cooker? Well, this is how I imagine my house smells to them. They spent a lot of the evening with their noses in the air taking in the doggie goodness.

I didn’t have any problem with the hearts and gizzards and will most likely dry them again in the future. The dogs love them too. Rose even liked the dried beef liver! Another offal success.

IMAG1490Unfortunately, I think I left my dehydrator on for too long. After two days of drying, I woke up this morning to a partially melted drying rack. Also, don’t strain the scalding hot water from your dinner’s pasta onto the plastic trays sitting in the sink. This will also melt them.

Pre-dried Beef Liver

Pre-dried Beef Liver

Pre-dried chicken hearts and gizzards

Pre-dried chicken hearts and gizzards

Pre-dried chicken livers and beef livers

Pre-dried chicken livers and beef livers

IMG_20130305_163045

Dried beef livers

Dried beef livers

Dried chicken livers

Dried chicken livers

Dried chicken hearts and gizzards

Dried chicken hearts and gizzards

The finished product

The finished product

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How to tell if your dog is a healthy weight

This picture came up in my facebook feed and I feel it is a good reference for those of you wondering if your dog is the correct weight, if he or she is over or under weight. This photo is from the University of Minnesota Veterinary Medical Center facebook page.

Photo Credit: University of Minnesota Veterinary Medical Center Facebook Page

Photo Credit: University of Minnesota Veterinary Medical Center Facebook Page

When feeding my dog RAW, how much do I feed and what proportions?

IMAG0823So, I’m getting a lot of questions along the lines of “how much do I feed?”. Well, personally I just kind of eye it for my pups. If they start to gain weight I know I’m probably feeding too much and if they look like they’re getting skinny, I cut back. If Nakia goes on a hard hike with me I’ll often give her a little extra, if she was having a lazy day on the couch a little less. Same for Rose. I just kinda “feel” it.

I know that’s not really the answer you guys want though so here is what I have for you all.

The best way to know how much to feed your dog is to use the following equation:

Dog’s weight x .02 or .03 = daily amount your dog should be fed

veggiesIf your dog is active or is under weight multiply his weight by .02 – .03. You can even go up to .05 if they are really under weight or the .03 just isn’t cutting it. If they are over weight or not very active multiply their weight by .017 – .02. This works out to be about 2%-3% of an under weight or active dog’s body weight or 1.7%-2% of an overweight or non active dog’s body weight. Puppies should be fed approximately 2%-3% of their expected adult body weight. If you don’t know what body weight your pup is expected to be, feed her 9%-10% of their current body weight and adjust as needed. Basically just pay attention to your dog. If your dog is over weight, feed them 2%-3% of their target body weight. If you feed them 2%-3% of their current body weight most likely they won’t lose any weight.

Rose, Nakia and their friend Lola waiting patiently for me to prepare breakfast.

Rose, Nakia and their friend Lola waiting patiently for me to prepare breakfast.

To find how many calories per day your dog needs, take their ideal weight and divide it by 2.2. This is how many kilograms your dog weighs. Take the number of kilograms and multiply that number by 30. Then take that number and add 70. This is the number of calories your dog should have per day.  It is their resting energy rate. In other words, their caloric need if they are just chilling around the house all day.

Take Nakia & Rose for example:

IMAG0818

The equation is:

lbs / 2.2 = kg x 30 = x + 70 = k/cal per day

Someday I will buy a scale for my kitchen so that I can feed my dogs the correct portions. Until then as I mentioned earlier, scaleI use what is known as the hand and eye method. Basically, I just eye out how much I think they should eat. I am a dog walker and take Nakia on long pack hikes with me. On these days I will feed her a little more than usual. If we are just sitting around the house on a lazy Sunday I will feed the pups a little less. They are both at healthy weights so my system seems to be working for us.

Nakia going to town on a raw bone

Nakia going to town on a raw bone

The general ratio for RAW feeding is 80% meat, 10% bone and 10% offal or organs. Where the general ratio for BARF feeding is 70% meat, 10% bones, 10% vegetables and fruits, 10% organ. I follow more of the BARF model because I try to emulate the nutrients they would get in the wild from their prey’s stomach matter. As you start getting into the swing of things with your dog you can adjust these ratio according to your dogs needs. Pay attention to your dog. You know when something isn’t right with him.

The 80:10:10 or 70:10:10:10 ratio does not need to be met every day. You can achieve this total ratio over several weeks. I know some people who feed their dogs offal only once or twice a month to reach their offal ratio goal.

Rose and Nakia's breakfast this morning.

Rose and Nakia’s breakfast this morning.

I feed my dog’s twice a day. Nakia and my old dog Zuke use to eat once a day but with the addition of Rosalie I added the second feeding. I have been told it can be dangerous for small dogs to go too long without food and I felt so bad that Nakia had to watch Rose eat and didn’t get any herself.  I know, I’m a sucker. I will discuss my findings on why you shouldn’t let a little dog go very long without eating in another post to come.

I realize this probably leaves many other questions unanswered like, “how much fish oil do I give my dog?” or “how many eggs do I feed her?”. I hope to answer all of these questions in the not too distant future. So stay tuned for more!